Ketoconazole for Hair Loss: Truth or Myth
Male pattern baldness is a serious issue affecting millions of men all over the world. It spares no one. Both the old, the young, the rich and the poor are victims. Most people fail to recognize the effect it has on an individual’s confidence and body perception.
I’ve heard a lot of things about male baldness over the years. Most are old wives’ tales handed down over generations, while some come as “medically supported” treatments. One of the crazy things about male pattern baldness is the huge number of alleged cures. Some of these so-called treatments are unorthodox, some plausible, while others are just downright silly.
From minoxidil to onion juice to shea butter, a lot of treatments have cropped up over time. Actual scientific research and careful evaluation do back some claims, though most seem to be cooked up by middle-aged men desperately trying to figure out how to stop their hair from falling out while they deal with a mid-life crisis.
While hopefully, we’ll get to talk about some of the more possible cures and those generally accepted by the world of male haircare, our topic for today is one that has been gaining traction over the years, especially on the internet.
Today we’ll talk about ketoconazole.
What is ketoconazole?
Ketoconazole is an antifungal agent used to treat a wide range of fungal infections, especially scalp infections. It has been rumored to be a miracle cure for male pattern baldness for years.
Sadly there is no concrete medical evidence that ketoconazole stops hair loss or aids in hair regrowth. Most of the so-called “evidence” on the internet are just anecdotal accounts seen mostly on amateur blogs and chat forums. Some scientific studies have proposed a link between ketoconazole and hair regrowth through its ability to disrupt dihydrotestosterone locally, but the results have been inconclusive and the link tentative at best.
What is male pattern baldness?
First, you have to understand that “baldness” in itself just means an absence of hair where it’s meant to be. This can be due to a wide range of reasons which are beyond the scope of this article.
The correct term for what we commonly call baldness is actually male pattern baldness or androgenic alopecia. It may be due to a variety of factors, but genetics is believed to play a major role.
There is honestly no “cure” for male pattern baldness, though certain medical treatments can slow it down and in certain cases help some individuals attain a certain amount of hair regrowth. Hair transplants have become more popular, but not everyone can afford this procedure or is willing to go under the knife, no matter how minor the procedure.
So for those looking for a one time cure for the condition, I’m sorry to say that it’s not ketoconazole.
Why is ketoconazole being called a miracle cure for male pattern baldness?
One of the greatest mistakes people make about medical information is that of wrongful associations. For instance, most mothers believe teething causes diarrhea and fever in infants, while these are due to normal physiological changes that occur in most children around that age which has nothing to do with teething.
The same can be said for the hype around ketoconazole. Asides from the purely invented stories about this miracle cure probably being touted probably for profit, some people may have honestly noticed hair regrowth while using it.
There actually may be a few explanations of why that may be so, and they include things like:
They actually had a condition called alopecia areata
Some people never had androgenic alopecia in the first place. They had a less common but also an important condition called alopecia areata. This is an autoimmune condition that causes hair to fall off in patches. While this can be treated medically, it has been discovered that most cases of alopecia actually do resolve spontaneously.
So while the person in question is trying ten different hair loss “treatments” all at once the condition resolves. This then leads him to believe one of the products is a “miracle cure for baldness”.
Seborrheic dermatitis and tinea capitis
Sometimes severe cases of seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff can actually lead to hair loss. This is especially seen in cases with excessive itching and hair-pulling in an attempt to ease the discomfort associated with the condition.
Another condition that can cause hair loss is tinea capitis, commonly known as ringworm. Though hair loss due to this is more distinctive and easily recognizable, it may still be mistaken for male pattern baldness.
So you are probably thinking “what does this have to do with ketoconazole?”.
Then you will probably be interested to know that both of these conditions are actually fungal infections. Individuals with this condition may buy ketoconazole shampoo over the counter in a bid to cure their “baldness” and end up accidentally curing the underlying condition, leading to hair regrowth.
So please don’t waste time, money and effort on rumored cures that don’t work and may actually affect your health.
There are some medically approved treatments for androgenic alopecia such as minoxidil, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors like finasteride and others. Look into those and stay away from online tales about “the miracle cure for baldness that gives results in one week”. At best they don’t work, at worst they could leave you in a much worse situation than before.